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Business Process Outsourcing (BPO): What It is & How It Works

As companies constantly seek ways to streamline operations, reduce costs, and enhance efficiency, one strategy that has gained significant traction is Business Process Outsourcing (BPO).

This article explores:

  • What is Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)?
  • The Mechanics of Using BPO Services for your Business
  • The Advantages of Using BPO Services
  • The Disadvantages of Using BPO Services
  • Countries with BPOs for Australian Businesses

What is Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)?

Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) is a business strategy where a company contracts out certain non-core processes and tasks to a third-party service provider. These processes can include customer support, data entry, finance and accounting, human resources, IT services, and more. The primary goal of a BPO is to allow businesses to focus on their core competencies while delegating specific tasks to external specialists.

BPO Services

Services available at a BPO include but not limited to:

  • Customer Support and Service. Handling customer inquiries, complaints, and support requests through various channels like phone, email, and chat.
  • Data Entry and Data Processing. Inputting and managing data, including data cleansing, data conversion, and data analysis.
  • Finance and Accounting. Managing financial processes such as bookkeeping, payroll, accounts payable, and accounts receivable.
  • Human Resources. HR services, including recruitment, onboarding, employee benefits administration, and HR management system support.
  • Information Technology (IT) Services. IT support, software development, cybersecurity, and infrastructure management.
  • Content Creation and Management. Content writing, graphic design, content marketing, and social media management. One example of this is an Australian niche magazine publisher tapping a BPO for running part of its back-end content, allowing the editorial staff to focus on writing.
  • Supply Chain and Logistics. Managing aspects of the supply chain, including inventory management, procurement, and order processing.
  • Back Office Operations. Back-office tasks like document management, invoice processing, and administrative support.

The Mechanics of Using Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)

Assessment and Planning

The process begins with an assessment of the company’s current operations and identification of areas suitable for outsourcing. Companies establish clear objectives, expected outcomes, and performance metrics.

Vendor Selection

Businesses research and select a BPO service provider that specialises in the required processes. Considerations include the provider’s reputation, experience, cost-effectiveness, and compatibility with the company’s culture and values.

Transition and Implementation

The selected BPO provider works closely with the company to understand its specific needs and requirements. Transition plans are developed, and implementation begins, often involving knowledge transfer and training.

Ongoing Management and Monitoring

Once the processes are outsourced, ongoing management and monitoring are crucial. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are established to evaluate the effectiveness of the outsourcing arrangement. The BPO will often have an account and client services manager handling communications with the stakeholder. 

Continuous Improvement

Companies and BPO providers collaborate on continuous process improvement, with a focus on enhancing efficiency and quality.

The Advantages of Using BPO Services

  • Cost Efficiency: Outsourcing can significantly reduce operational costs, including labour, infrastructure, and technology investments.
  • Focus on Core Competencies: Companies can concentrate on their core business activities while outsourcing non-core functions to specialists.
  • Access to Specialised Talent: BPO providers often have highly skilled and experienced professionals in various domains. It may even be a bonus if a BPO’s new hire assigned to a certain client company in Australia already has a raft of Australian qualifications; as such, their starting pay might be higher.
  • Scalability: Businesses can easily scale operations up or down based on changing demands without the burden of hiring or layoffs. 
  • Enhanced Efficiency: BPO providers use best practices and advanced technologies to improve process efficiency and quality. Some BPOs may even adopt certain Australian workplace practices, such as issuing salaries every week instead of fortnights; another may even feel affinity to Australia such as running in-house Melbourne Cup live parties complete with sweepstakes.

The Disadvantages of Using BPO Services

  • Loss of Control: Companies relinquish some level of control over processes and may face challenges in aligning outsourcing with their exact standards.
  • Quality Concerns: Quality may vary depending on the BPO provider, leading to potential discrepancies in service quality.
  • Data Security Risks: Sharing sensitive data with third parties can pose security risks if not managed properly. 
  • Communication Challenges: Geographical and cultural differences can lead to communication challenges and misunderstandings. 
  • Hidden Costs: While cost savings are a key benefit, companies must consider potential hidden costs, such as transition and management expenses.

Countries with BPOs for Australian Businesses

Australian companies often engage with BPO providers in several countries. Most of these countries, shown below, have time zones not far off from Australia, so the BPOs based there can seamlessly work with stakeholders. Some BPOs may even program their shift times to coincide with changes in AEDT and AEST.


Known for its strong English-speaking workforce, the Philippines is a top destination for customer service and back-office BPO functions. Companies such as Telstra have BPO operations in the Philippines, some of which were closed and relocated to Australia in the early stages of the lockdown. One Philippine-based Australian BPO takes pride in having a major Australian supermarket chain as its loyal partner since it started trading over a decade ago.


India is a global BPO hub, offering a wide range of services, including IT outsourcing, customer support, and data entry.


Malaysia is emerging as a competitive BPO destination, particularly for IT services and shared service centres.


China has a growing BPO industry, with a focus on manufacturing support, supply chain management, and customer service. However, issues with cybersecurity related to Beijing’s National Intelligence Law may raise concerns with companies who place a premium on discreet but quality service processes. 


Vietnam is gaining popularity for IT outsourcing and software development services due to its skilled workforce and cost-effectiveness.


Indonesian BPOs are used for customer service and back-office functions, benefiting from its growing workforce.

It’s important to carefully assess the pros and cons, select the right BPO provider, and establish robust communication and monitoring mechanisms to ensure a successful outsourcing partnership.

DISCLAIMER: This article is for informational purposes only. BARTERCARD has no working relationships or financial interests with any BPO firm.


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